Positive Results for Kids Developmental Checklist: The First Five Years


Birth to 3 months

  • stops crying or quiets when picked up
  • lifts head when held at shoulder
  • tracks moving object or person
  • vocalizes, smiles at person other than mother
  • moves head side to side
  • thrusts arms and legs
  • legs kick in sequence
  • shows excitement when starting to lift, feed, etc

3 to 5 Months

  • explores objects/puts them in mouth
  • looks at face of person talking
  • reacts to familiar person
  • anticipates bottle
  • props on arms when lying on stomach
  • reaches to get objects when lying on stomach
  • rolls from stomach to back
  • babbles, coos when talked to
  • looks at dropped object
  • holds head and chest up when on forearms for 15-20 seconds
  • hand play/watches hands
  • sits supported with back straight


6 to 11 months

  • lifts cup by handle
  • pulls string to secure toy
  • makes purposeful movement to cause sound and/or motion
  • places one block in cup
  • sits independently (8)
  • creeps on hands and knees (9-11)
  • rocks on hands and knees (8)
  • plays pat-a-cake, waves bye-bye
  • imitates sounds and syllables (9-11)
  • looks to sound
  • rolls back to stomach
  • will take weight through legs in supported standing

12 to 17 months

  • imitates scribble
  • builds tower of 2 or 3 blocks
  • fills cup with blocks
  • squeezes toy in imitation
  • cruises holding onto furniture
  • stands up in middle of floor independently
  • walks without support (13 months)
  • vocalizes (gestures for wants)
  • responds to own name
  • says 2-5 words plus name
  • feeds self with spoon and drinks from cup independently
  • follows simple one-step commands
  • points to one body part

18 to 23 months

  • imitates single stroke
  • builds tower of 3 or 4 blocks
  • stacks 5 rings on stand in any order
  • responds to 3 simple commands
  • pushes and pulls or carries toys while walking
  • walks up and down stairs hand on rail or hand held
  • requests objects by name
  • removes most clothing items, sometimes with help
  • puts toys away on request
  • points to 3-5 body parts
  • points to object/picture on request
  • squats to play and returns to standing

24 to 29 months

  • imitates vertical line
  • builds tower of 5 to 7 blocks
  • strings 4 beads (begins)
  • stacks 4 cups inside one another
  • walks up steps independently using no hands
  • feeds self with spoon, no turning spoon over, begins using fork
  • points to 7 pictures, names 5 pictures
  • uses toilet, verbalizes need
  • shows ownership of toys and resists when play is stopped
  • says 20 to 50 words, uses plurals, combines 2 words
  • asks names of things
  • carries large objects while walking

30 to 35 months

  • copies circle
  • builds tower of 8 or 9 blocks
  • demonstrates understanding of concept one
  • matches 4 objects to their pictures, shoe on shoe picture, ball on ball picture, etc.
  • demonstrates the use of 4 objects (cup, crayon, comb, scissors)
  • snips with scissors
  • uses pronouns I, you, me
  • matches 3 colors
  • can walk on tiptoes
  • runs easily, jumps off step
  • dresses and undresses with supervision
  • toilet trained mostly, day and night
  • zips and unbuttons large buttons
  • gives full name when asked
  • plays along side other children

36 to 41 months

  • imitates cross
  • cuts paper in two
  • imitates bridge with blocks
  • demonstrates understanding of concepts two and three
  • counts to five
  • rides tricycle
  • walks upstairs alternating feet, begins downstairs alternating
  • takes turns and shares toys
  • goes to toilet alone, seldom has accidents
  • washes hands and face
  • can name 3 actions in pictures
  • knows gender if boy or girl
  • jumps in place with both feet
  • understands prepositions in, on, under

42 to 47 months

  • copies cross
  • identifies 3 colors by name
  • classifies pictures into 3 groups
  • cuts 6 within 1/2 of line
  • stands on one foot 2-3 seconds
  • kicks a ball with backswing and follow through
  • puts on shoes often on incorrect feet
  • says 200 words

48 to 53 months

  • copies squares
  • stacks 5 rings on stand in correct order
  • identifies 5 colors by name
  • follows 2-step commands
  • catches ball in arms
  • hops on one foot
  • speech can be understood most of the time 
  • buttons large buttons
  • brushes teeth
  • tells experiences
  • answers why do we have questions
  • puts toys away by self and runs simple errands

54 to 60 months

  • copies triangles
  • forms square with 2 triangle pieces
  • builds pyramids of 6 blocks
  • imitates 2-step diagonal paper fold
  • counts to 10 
  • begins galloping or skipping
  • hops forward on one foot
  • knows front and back of clothes
  • begins putting zipper in catch
  • shows bossiness with other children
  • tells opposites
  • tells what things are made of
  • speech is fully intelligible

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Free developmental screenings are offered throughout the year in Kokomo and Peru.
Developmental screenings are sponsored in part by United Way of Howard County
Click here for dates and times.